Cancer can happen at any age, but nearly 9 out of 10 cancers are We do know that there are certain things called “risk factors” that affect your. The risk of developing most types of cancer can be reduced by It's known that stress affects the immune system, but so do many other things. A cancer diagnosis can have a huge impact on most patients, families, and Changes in body image can affect self-esteem and confidence.
Affect? Who Does Cancer
The future, which may have seemed so sure before, now becomes uncertain. Some dreams and plans may be lost forever. But if a person has been sad for a long time or is having trouble carrying out day-to-day activities, that person may have clinical depression. In fact, up to 1 in 4 people with cancer have clinical depression.
Clinical depression causes great distress, impairs functioning, and might even make the person with cancer less able to follow their cancer treatment plan. The good news is that clinical depression can be treated. If someone you know has symptoms of clinical depression, encourage them to get help.
There are many ways to treat clinical depression including medicines, counseling, or a combination of both. Treatments can reduce suffering and improve quality of life. Some of these symptoms, such as weight changes, fatigue, or even forgetfulness can be caused by the cancer itself and its treatment. But if 5 or more of these symptoms happen nearly every day for 2 weeks or more, or are severe enough to interfere with normal activities, it might be depression.
If this is the case, encourage the person to be checked for clinical depression by a qualified health or mental health professional. If the person tries to hurt him- or herself, or has a plan to do so, get help right away. If you suspect you may be depressed, see a doctor. Make time to get the help and support you need.
At different times during treatment and recovery, people with cancer may be fearful and anxious. Finding out that they have cancer or that the cancer has come back causes the most anxiety and fear. Fear of treatment, doctor visits, and tests might also cause apprehension the feeling that something bad is going to happen. People may be afraid of uncontrolled pain, dying, or what happens after death, including what might happen to loved ones. And, again, these same feelings may be experienced by family members and friends.
Signs and symptoms of fear and anxiety include:. If a person has these symptoms most of the day, nearly every day, and they are interfering with his or her life, a mental health evaluation could helpful.
Keep in mind that sometimes, despite having all the symptoms, a person may deny having these feelings. Panic attacks can be an alarming symptom of anxiety. Panic attacks happen very suddenly and often reach their worst within about 10 minutes.
The person may seem fine between attacks, but is usually very afraid that they will happen again. Call or the doctor right away if someone unexpectedly has any of these. These symptoms can be signs of other, more serious problems such as shock, heart attack, blood chemistry imbalance, collapsed lung, allergic reaction, or others. If the person has had panic attacks in the past, and it happens again exactly like it did before, they can often recognize it as a panic attack.
If panic attacks are diagnosed by a doctor, brief therapy and medicines have been shown to be helpful. The American Cancer Society medical and editorial content team. Our team is made up of doctors and master's-prepared nurses with deep knowledge of cancer care as well as journalists, editors, and translators with extensive experience in medical writing. CA Cancer J Clin. Psychiatric Considerations in the Oncology Setting. National Institute of Mental Health. Psychosocial and demographic predictors of quality of life in a large sample of cancer patients.
You can ask for support to help you cope with your own emotions. It may help to talk to another manager in your workplace. Remember to think about confidentiality and how much the person may want others to know. You can also call our cancer support specialists on the Macmillan Support Line on 00 We are here to help anyone who is affected by cancer, including you.
Many people recover well and can go back to their normal working life after treatment has finished. But having cancer and recovering from it can have a big psychological impact.
Some people find it difficult getting back to normal. People may struggle with fatigue, their emotions and any changes to their body caused by the treatment. People often want to get back to work but have difficulty returning to their old job. They need your understanding and support to do this successfully. It is also important to review the support you give them over time, as long-term side effects can fluctuate.
Some people recover well after treatment and they are never affected again by the cancer. Their cancer may return at some point and they may need further treatment. Some of these people may then have further periods without cancer. For others, the cancer may be more advanced. Some people live with cancer for many years without ever having serious symptoms. But some people may die from their illness within a matter of weeks or months.
It was three months before I felt able to get back to work. Back to If you are an employer. Managers play an important role in supporting employees living with cancer, or caring for someone with cancer. It may be difficult for your employee to talk about their diagnosis, but open communication may make it easier for you to support them.
Some people with cancer will be able to continue to work and others will need time off. There are different options for time off. It can help them settle back into work successfully. In the UK, there are laws that protect employees with cancer from being treated unfairly in the workplace.
This includes discrimination, harassment and victimisation. Financial help is available to support your employee. Carers are legally entitled to take reasonable time off work.
They can also request flexible working. Many people survive cancer treatment. But your employee, or the person they are caring for, may die from their illness. If your employee has cancer or is caring for someone who does, we have information to help you support them.
We offer a wide range of resources to help employers to manage cancer in the workplace. You can order a range of booklets and DVDs with advice.
Information and resources for employers. Find out how our expert training, guidance and resource options help employers support employees affected by cancer. Register to book one of our specialist work and cancer sessions for employers. Join Macmillan at Work. What's happening near you?
Find out about support groups, where to get information and how to get involved with Macmillan where you are. Read Aoife's post about the rights of people affected by cancer in the work place. She explains how the law can help job applicants, employees and the self-employed.
Share experiences and advice on practical issues when living with cancer, such as money, work, benefits, transport, food and drink, organising support at home, or getting specialist equipment. Thanks We rely on a number of sources to gather evidence for our information.
We thank all those people who have provided expert review for the information on this page. Our information is also reviewed by people affected by cancer to ensure it is as relevant and accessible as possible. Thank you to all those people who reviewed what you're reading and have helped our information to develop. You could help us too when you join our Cancer Voices Network — find out more at: Also operating in Northern Ireland. A company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales company number Isle of Man company number F.
We make every effort to ensure that the information we provide is accurate and up-to-date but it should not be relied upon as a substitute for specialist professional advice tailored to your situation. So far as is permitted by law, Macmillan does not accept liability in relation to the use of any information contained in this publication or third party information or websites included or referred to in it.
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How cancer affects people. Show more Understanding cancer How cancer may affect someone at work Treatment and side effects Surgery Radiotherapy Chemotherapy Hormonal therapies Targeted therapies Other possible side effects Emotional effects of cancer After treatment.
How cancer may affect someone at work. For example, it can depend on: Treatment and side effects. Side effects Radiotherapy can make you very tired. Side effects These can include: Following treatment, rehabilitation begins the better and quicker you start exercising. Physical activity and light exercise increase muscle strength and give you energy. Following treatment, it is important to start getting exercise, for instance by taking non-strenuous walks.
You quickly notice the beneficial effects of exercise. Your mood starts to improve because exercise increases endorphin levels, particularly in the brain.
Endorphins alleviate pain and enhance feelings of wellbeing. They may find it difficult to remember and concentrate on things. Ordinary daily routines can seem overwhelming.
Exhaustion is not only an effect of cancer but of many other illnesses. Chronic fatigue or treatment fatigue is a symptom that has many causes, and it is worth discussing the problem with your healthcare professional. If necessary, symptoms of fatigue can be treated with drugs.
The reasons for fatigue during illness and treatment are not entirely clear. Fatigue may be acute or chronic. Acute or short-term fatigue lasts only for a few weeks but chronic fatigue saps your energy for a long period and impacts on the whole body.
Fatigue may also have been a symptom of your condition prior to diagnosis. The background factors of fatigue may be to do with cancer treatment treatment fatigue or other medication, anaemia, weight loss and poor appetite, changes in metabolism, decreased hormone function, sleep disorders, reduced exercise, stress, shortness of breath, paid and possible infection as well as uncertainty and fear.
Chronic fatigue in someone with cancer is the sort of symptom that each person experiences individually.
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Understanding how cancer treatment may affect your employee's ability to work can help you give them the right support them. Cancer can develop at any age. But cancer is much more common in older people. Almost 9 in 10 cancer cases in the UK are in people aged. Cancer and its treatments can cause changes in the body. The blood and circulatory system and how cancer affects it. body systems diagram. Some cancers.