Types of information resources. Information flow. Following a discovery or event, information flows through different publications over time. This differs between. information resources definition: Information resources are defined as the data and information used by an organization. (noun) Examples of information. Definition of Information Resource: An element of infrastructure that enables the transaction of certain selected significant and relevant data, prepared so as to.
For any public library to perform well and meet the needs of the users on this modern time, it is necessary for the public library to embrace the use of information and communication technology.
The role of ICT in the effective utilization of libraries has been stressed in literature, particularly in academic libraries. In a survey conducted by Ojo and Akande , it was gathered that students use internet sources and e-mail more than other sources. A lot of academic information can be received using electronic resources both inside and outside the library.
This may be the reason why they are more popular compared to other resources. These challenges among users may deter them from using electronic information sources. To this Omekwu stated that the success of online searching depends on the ability of the user or the information scientist to perform the search in the best possible way.
Lack of adequate finance. Danuta asserted that finance is a major resource for organizational effectiveness and without it nothing meaningful will be achieved. It should be borne in mind right from the onset that computerization of library operations like acquisition and circulation control is an expensive venture, and a time consuming process.
Also, Ikem and Ajala noted that the problem of funding is the major constraint of ICT application in libraries. According to them, the problem of funding is more than just acquiring the hard and software but updating and maintenance are very crucial in order to sustain it. Unavailability of local communication experts and computer communicating internally.
Testing and installation of gadgets in a computer-based system, skilled and experienced personnel are needed on a permanent basis who can convert the existing manual bibliographic data into machine readable form.
Installation and maintenance involve foreign currency limitations, bad telephone lines, and reluctance of telecommunication officers to license moderns. Moreover networks have their inherent problems which sometimes affect the decision of individual and organizations. Public library exits to satisfy users.
In this context, users' satisfaction refers to how users judge the services of public libraries. Indeed, it refers to whether users of public libraries get the desired information resources, facilities and services expected to be provided by the public libraries. Hence, in recent times, evaluating users' satisfaction with the information resources, facilities and services of public libraries has become a major concern and an integral part of library and information science practitioners Ogunsola, This is because the ultimate aim of all libraries as a service oriented organization is to satisfy the needs of its clients.
Thus, users' satisfaction with the information resources, facilities and services provided by libraries whether public or academic has become the melting pot of the present day librarianship and information science Saliu, While the services include community information services, recreational activities, reference services, storytelling, reading competition, career information, customer care, adult literacy education, mobile library services, and services to prisoners, online internet search, among others IFLA, While these information resources, facilities and services are important in the public library services, the extent to which they satisfy users' information needs is fundamentally more important.
This is because the ultimate goal of public libraries is to bring about higher users' satisfaction. Thus, it becomes pertinent to determine the extent to which users are satisfied with the information resources, facilities and services of public libraries. Public libraries generally serve a wide range of users, which include adult males and females, young adults, children, the visually impaired and other groups of people in the communities where they are located.
Due to this fact, public libraries have vital roles to play in information dissemination at the grassroots to meet the information needs of each of these groups. The importance of public library in our society today is being underscored by a number of convergent trends which include, increase in school enrolment at the primary, secondary and tertiary levels.
Thus, public libraries must be proactive, vibrant and abreast of the latest developments in information dissemination to maintain relevance and keep up with the multifarious needs and expectations of library users. It is therefore important that the public library should be able to provide the right materials to meet the information needs of users.
In a recent study, Anunobi observed that librarians are yet to make impact on students. The study revealed that the presence of school librarians who teach students on the use of library in secondary schools have not made much impact as shown by students' inability to use catalogues and indexes as library access points in their first year at universities.
Awana maintained that the friendly disposition of staff, the willingness of library staff to assist users to get needed materials from within or through inter-library loan will encourage users to patronize the library and above all increase users' satisfaction with library services. Researchers are of the opinion that attitude of some library staff that bothered on hostility, rudeness and lazy approach to requests or enquiries have often put off some potential library users.
Unomah in a survey of students utilization of academic libraries in Nigeria found that most often than not, some of the junior staff attitude towards users are discouraging in their services to the students. The negative attitude of some librarians towards information technology in library operations is not encouraging.
Ifidon and Okoli noted that the nature of library staff is a factor that inhibits effective library services. Monographs go into more detail including in-depth information, discussion and detailed explanation of research - this is particularly the case in the Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences.
In the sciences monographs may provide a collection of data, experimental methods etc. Books can become out of date due to the length of time taken to publish them. This is more important in some subjects than others. See guidelines for referencing e-books. Often only the more recent volumes are available online. The University subscribes to thousands of journals, but these can only be a proportion of the total number of journals published worldwide.
Reviews may be published in special annual review serials or alongside other content in journals. Research papers, the more usual type of journal article, directly report primary research. See guidelines for referencing journal articles. There is a great wealth of information available on the Internet.
See Evaluating information for further guidance. See guidelines for Referencing websites. For current issues and topical comment, newspapers can be good sources of information for primary research. Conference proceedings consist of a collection of papers reporting on presentations or posters delivered at conferences, seminars or workshops.
They are sources of primary research as this may be the first place the information has been made public. As a result, conference proceedings are an ideal way of finding the most up-to-date and current research and ideas. The title of the conference proceeding will show where the conference was held and when. The organising body or conference editors will also be provided. See guidelines for referencing conference proceedings.
Reports are produced by agencies and departments on specific topics or issues. These agencies can include Government departments, research establishments, charitable foundations and more.
Standards are consensus agreements drawn up by representative collections of people who have a particular interest in the subject.
These might be manufacturers, users, research organisations, or government departments. Standards enable the efficient design, manufacture and supply of safe products and services to the consumer by:. There are over 16, adopted British Standards and each year new or revised standards are issued to ensure they are kept up to date.
Over national bodies combine to form the International Organization for Standardization ISO which agrees international standards. See guidelines for referencing a British Standard. Manuscripts and archives are unique items which were created or collected by a person or organisation in the course of their ordinary business, and retained by them as evidence of their activities, or because of the information they contain.
They may be written by hand, but can also be typewritten or even printed from computer. Archives held at Manuscripts and Special Collections date back to the 12th century. Because these resources are often unique, and can be fragile, they are stored in controlled conditions, and consulted under supervision in a reading room currently only available at the UK campus.
Patents are legal documents which give the owner exclusive rights to profit from an invention, protecting it from exploitation by others unless they have the prior agreement of the patent owner. Patents also establish the ownership of advances in the subject. The process of patenting an invention can take several years to complete.
Patents are granted by national or international patenting authorities such as the UK Patent Office or the World International Property Office WIPO and cover specific countries or geographical areas for limited periods of time, usually 20 years. During this time the patent-holder can profit directly or by selling or licensing the invention to other companies. Guidelines for referencing patents. Theses submitted for doctoral degrees are major sources of primary research output.
Some of the most current and original research every year is produced by postgraduate researchers at UK and international universities. Guidelines for referencing theses. If used responsibly, social media can support your university studies and your future employability.
Talk to someone in your school or a specialist support service. Connect with the University of Nottingham through social media and our blogs. Campus maps More contact information Jobs. University of Nottingham Studying effectively Reading and interpreting sources and data Types of information resources.
Multidisciplinary information resources for study and research. Australian government information. Guide to Australian government information. An information resource may refer to: Resource (computer science), any component of limited availability in a computer system; Web resource, a data source. The information resources are made accessible through the Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC), indexes and, in some libraries the manual card catalogue.