Get the facts on panic disorders (a type of anxiety disorder), which can happen anytime, anywhere and without warning. Panic disorder is diagnosed in people who experience spontaneous seemingly out-of-the-blue panic attacks and are very preoccupied with the fear of a. Panic attacks often happen at random and can leave you shaken. They're a symptom of panic disorder, a type of anxiety disorder. Here's what.
Fortunately, effective treatments have been developed to help people with panic disorder. Heredity, other biological factors, stressful life events, and thinking in a way that exaggerates relatively normal bodily reactions are all believed to play a role in the onset of panic disorder.
The exact cause or causes of panic disorder are unknown and are the subject of intense scientific investigation. Treatment for panic disorder includes medication, psychotherapy or a combination of the two. Cognitive-behavioral therapy, a type of psychotherapy, teaches people how to view panic attacks differently and demonstrates ways to reduce anxiety. Most patients show significant progress after a few weeks of therapy. Relapses may occur, but they can often be effectively treated just like the initial episode.
People with panic disorder may also have irritable bowel syndrome, characterized by intermittent bouts of gastrointestinal cramps and diarrhea or constipation, or a relatively minor heart problem called mitral valve prolapse, which can trigger panic attacks in some people. In fact, panic disorder often coexists with unexplained medical problems, such as chest pain not associated with a heart attack or chronic fatigue.
The content of this fact sheet was adapted from material published by the National Institute of Mental Health. Get additional information about Panic Disorder at Psych Central. National Institute of Mental Health www. The links on this page may contain document data that requires additional software to open: Understanding Trauma Back to School: Recognizing Depression Back to School: Recognizing Anxiety Back to School: Recognizing Psychosis Back to School: Diet and Nutrition Fitness 4Mind4Body: How can I get help paying for my prescriptions?
What do I need to know about my insurance benefits? What can I do if my insurance company is refusing to approve? What this means is that if a member of the family has suffered from panic, there is an increased risk of you suffering from it, especially when you are stressed. Often people with panic disorder have always thought of themselves as 'worry worts' or sensitive but this may not always be the case.
Panic disorder involves recurrent, unexpected panic attacks. A panic attack is a sudden period of intense fear or discomfort, in which four or more of the following symptoms reach a peak within 10 minutes 2: Palpitations, pounding heart, or accelerated heart rate Sweating Trembling or shaking Sensations of shortness of breath or smothering Feeling of choking Chest pain or discomfort Nausea or abdominal distress Feeling dizzy, unsteady, lightheaded, or faint Derealisation feeling 'unreal' or depersonalisation feeling detached from yourself Fear of losing control or going crazy Fear of dying Numbness or tingling sensations Chills or hot flushes.
At least one of these attacks is followed by one or more of the following, lasting for at least one month: Worry about having more attacks Worry about the what the attacks 'mean' eg losing control, heart attack, or 'going crazy' A significant change in behaviour related to the attacks. Agoraphobia Agoraphobia is often thought to mean that people are afraid of 'open spaces'. This is partly true. Many people with panic disorder avoid a number of situations because of their fears.
This avoidance is known as agoraphobia, which is anxiety about being in places or situations from which escape might be difficult or in which help may not be available in the event of having a panic attack. For this reason people with agoraphobia often avoid places such as trains, crowds and queues or only enter these situations with a trusted friend or relative.
Obviously this can be extremely disabling and often limits opportunities in terms of work, social or other activities. Often there are many less obvious forms of avoidance that people with panic disorder will engage in. For instance, people may avoid exercise, sexual relations, going out in hot weather or experiencing strong emotions such as anger.
Panic Disorder: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment
What Is Panic Disorder? People with panic disorder experience unexpected and repeated panic attacks. They become terrified that they may have more attacks. Take this short quiz to determine if you may have panic disorder—an anxiety disorder characterized by recurring, unexpected panic attacks. Panic disorder is an anxiety disorder characterized by reoccurring unexpected panic attacks. Panic attacks are sudden periods of intense fear that may include.