Doping in ChinaHeidi Krieger is eleven when she discovers a fun pastime: Shot-put and discus throw were the two little Heidi might be famous for one day. Heidi knows the deal: Apart from standard subjects like math and languages, she practices east german doping wiki, discus throw, and shot-put every day. Blue tablets wrapped in tinfoil and packed in plastic.
How East and West Germany abused and drained their athletes – Iron Curtain Project
Heidi Krieger is eleven when she discovers a fun pastime: Shot-put and discus throw were the two little Heidi might be famous for one day. Heidi knows the deal: Apart from standard subjects like math and languages, she practices weightlifting, discus throw, and shot-put every day. Blue tablets wrapped in tinfoil and packed in plastic. She throws the shot Heidi is a success.
But Heidi has been gone for a long time now, and her record was removed from the Olympic list in Every tablet contained five milligrams of testosterone, and Heidi had taken them daily since she was sixteen, sometimes five a day. We now know her testosterone levels were 37 times that of an average woman at the time. After years of depression, uncertainty, and suicidal tendencies, she decided to have a sex change in Heidi is now Andreas.
Andres is among the most famous victims of the GDR doping practices. He has a long list of washed out companions who were once celebrated champions like Heidi. Today, they suffer from liver failure and kidney problems, and many have crooked bones and joints.
Former female athletes have beards and a deep voice, and some saw their clitoris grow into a small penis. Depression, bulimia, and suicide are common, as are miscarriages and infertility. Some former athletes had children with partial paralysis, clump feet, or Down Syndrome. Others died before they even had children. West Germany was home to another, iconic victim: She passed away in a hospital in Mainz in , when she was Screaming in agony, as the story goes.
Dressel was on her way to the top when one day during shot-put practice suddenly her hips started hurting. She died three days later. They found different preparations in her system, ranging from vitamins to illegal muscle enhancers. Her joints were inflamed, her bones crooked. The GDR called it Staatsplanthema The distribution of colored pills had been prevalent before , but as doping control abroad was improving rapidly, the GDR wanted to be on top of things.
To that end, doping was government-controlled from then on. Berendonk, herself a former GDR tetrathlon youth champion and West German discus throw and shot-put champion, and her biologist husband Werner Franke managed to get their hands on several meticulously described doping plans.
It was especially the sheer scale and systematics revealed by Berendonk that shocked home and abroad. Still, the facts — however minutely documented — are widely denied by politicians, coaches, sports doctors, and athletes. Only in a number of doctors and politicians involved receives suspended sentences and fines, and a group of victims is offered a — symbolic — compensation.
Despite this recognition, people like Berendonk who address doping practices are taunted and even threatened to this day. And West Germany, too, collectively denied it — although here the denial lasted much longer: The study revealed that doping use was structural and widespread in the former FRG between and just as well, and that doping was provided for FRG minors as well.
West German politicians knew and sometimes even encouraged it. In the report the department disclosed, names of politicians were removed, because some of them were believed to be still in office at the time. The study showed that the West German government spent an estimated ten million DM on scientific studies into the performance-enhancing qualities of anabolic steroids, testosterone, and EPO.
Coaches pressured athletes to take the drugs: The side effects these studies showed were never mentioned. In turn, coaches and sports doctors were pressured by politicians with overly-ambitious objectives. People gladly looked the other way at official doping controls. So East and West Germany were involved in an actual doping race. The report shows West German politicians wanted West German athletes to have the same opportunities as their East German colleagues.
And to reach that objective, as far as politicians were concerned, anything was fair game. Those who expected the reunion of East and West Germany — both good for plenty Olympic medals — would result in a supreme sports country, were all disappointed. His fate is considered symbolic for the athletic performances of East and West Germany. Gerd Bonk , a former GDR weightlifter, died aged When in his performance decreased, he turned out to be worn-out. Bonk had diabetes, trouble with his kidneys and other organs, and ended up in a wheelchair.
For another thirty years, Bonk lived ill and disabled, until he died from his defects in October of Once celebrated, but rather forgotten in reunited Germany.