Photos show the Inner German border, then and nowAd the Second World War, Germany was split into four zones of occupation: American, British, French and Russian. Berlin, which lay deep within the Russian sector, was similarly divided. At first, Berliners were permitted to move freely between sectors, but by around a thousand East Berliners a day were voting with their feet by moving to the West. On 13 Augustthe East Boost testosterone naturally bodybuilding government surrounded opd Western sectors of Berlin with barbed wire, cutting them off from the old east and west germany map world until
History of the Berlin Wall through maps
After the Second World War, Germany was split into four zones of occupation: American, British, French and Russian. Berlin, which lay deep within the Russian sector, was similarly divided. At first, Berliners were permitted to move freely between sectors, but by around a thousand East Berliners a day were voting with their feet by moving to the West. On 13 August , the East German government surrounded the Western sectors of Berlin with barbed wire, cutting them off from the outside world until Across the city centre, this was later reinforced by the notorious concrete wall.
The division of the city presented map-makers on both sides of the Wall with a dilemma: This one, dating from , simply shows West Berlin as a gaping hole.
This West German map, on the other hand, emphasises the division by representing the Wall pictorially as a harsh red-brick barrier. The map dates from , at which time the barrier actually consisted of barbed wire only. Almost all the transport links between the two halves of the city were severed. The 11 eastern stations they passed through were abandoned. Rail passengers could cross at only one station, Friedrichstrasse. In the East German authorities set up a steel and glass checkpoint there.
It is now a memorial exhibition centre. This East German map of the Berlin rail network above uses a cunning ploy to obscure the division of the city: On 9 November , after a mass exodus of its citizens via neighbouring Communist countries that had already relaxed their draconian controls, the East German regime finally capitulated to public pressure and opened the border.
Crowds of East Berliners climbed over the Wall to celebrate with their counterparts on the other side. Less than a year later, on 3 October , the two halves of Germany — and Berlin — were officially reunified. The removal of the Wall presented map-makers with a new set of challenges.
Then there was the matter of place names. Many streets — and even whole towns — in East Germany had been renamed after communist heroes. The Berlin Senate set up an independent commission to review the issue. Between and , more than 80 streets were renamed. Once Berlin became the capital of a unified Germany and the Federal government moved there from Bonn, whole districts were re-shaped in a frenzy of redevelopment.
The adjoining Leipziger Platz was rebuilt to its original octagonal plan. If the ideological pressures facing cartographers of the German capital are less overt today, the pace of change on the ground is so dizzying that printed maps are out of date almost as soon as they are issued, and only online digital resources can keep up. Features , Fun maps , Weekend reads. History of the Berlin Wall through maps. Twitter Facebook LinkedIn Reddit.
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