7 Types of Steroids for DogsBut did you know that anabolic steroids veterinary are actually seven aabolic of steroid drugs, each of which works differently in the body and has its own set of potential side effects? Read on to anabolic steroids veterinary exactly what you are giving your dog and what problems you should watch out for. Glucocorticoids are by far the most common type of steroid used in veterinary medicine. The list of glucocorticoid drugs is long and includes such familiar names as prednisone, prednisolone, triamcinolone, betamethasone, dexamethasone, flumethasone, fludrocortisone, hydrocortisone, and methylprednisolone. At relatively low doses, glucocorticoids veteinary inflammation.
Steroids for Dogs | Dog Steroids | petMD | petMD
But did you know that there are actually seven classes of steroid drugs, each of which works differently in the body and has its own set of potential side effects? Read on to learn exactly what you are giving your dog and what problems you should watch out for. Glucocorticoids are by far the most common type of steroid used in veterinary medicine. The list of glucocorticoid drugs is long and includes such familiar names as prednisone, prednisolone, triamcinolone, betamethasone, dexamethasone, flumethasone, fludrocortisone, hydrocortisone, and methylprednisolone.
At relatively low doses, glucocorticoids reduce inflammation. At higher doses, they suppress the immune system. Glucocorticoids can be given by injection, orally, topically, or by inhalation. Serious side effects are much more likely if glucocorticoid medications have to be given systemically by mouth or injection rather than locally e. Mineralocorticoids are responsible for maintaining the balance of water and electrolytes within the body while glucocorticoids play a role in the stress response.
Desoxycorticosterone is a long-acting, injectable mineralocorticoid while fludrocortisone can be given orally and has both mineralocorticoid and glucocorticoid activity. Both of these drugs are quite safe but can cause increased thirst and urination. More serious side effects are generally seen only when dogs are overdosed or abruptly stop receiving their medications. Side effects are unlikely with adrenal cortical steroids since they are not given over the long term.
Anabolic steroids like stanozolol, boldenone, and nandrolone are not commonly used in veterinary medicine anymore but are still occasionally prescribed to stimulate the appetite, promote weight gain, increase strength, and treat anemia that is associated with long term illness.
Anabolic steroids should never be given to animals who may become pregnant because they are known to cause serious birth defects. Other potential side effects include reproductive dysfunction in both males and females, electrolyte abnormalities, liver damage, and behavioral changes.
Estradiol is a naturally occurring estrogen. Diethylstilbestrol DES is the more commonly used synthetic version of estrogen. Both are steroid hormones that are most frequently used to treat urinary incontinence in female dogs when the safer medication phenylpropanolamine PPA does not produce satisfactory results.
Estrogens may also be given to female dogs to encourage them to come into heat or to intact male dogs to treat benign prostatic hypertrophy BPH. Estrogens can have many potentially serious side effects including bone marrow suppression that leads to blood disorders, a potentially fatal uterine infection pyometra , feminization of male animals, and an increased likelihood of some types of cancer. Progestins are steroid hormones that are typically prescribed to postpone heat cycles or alleviate false pregnancies in female dogs and treat benign prostatic hypertrophy in male dogs.
They may also be used for some types of skin problems or to modify aggressive behavior. Megestrol acetate and medroxyprogesterone are the most commonly used progestins in dogs.
Danazol, mibolerone, and testosterone are all examples of androgens, a class of steroid hormones. Androgens have a variety of uses such as treating hormone-responsive urinary incontinence in male dogs, suppression of heat cycles and alleviation of false pregnancies in female dogs, and as part of the therapy for some types of immune-mediated blood disorders.
Masculinization of female dogs, liver toxicity, and the promotion of some types of cancer are the most worrisome potential side effects. Steroids are very effective medications that have saved many lives. However, this drug class is also associated with a relatively high incidence of side effects. In many cases, problems can be prevented or managed by using the lowest dose possible for the shortest period of time and by closely monitoring dogs while they are on steroid medications.
Talk to a veterinarian about the pros and cons of steroid treatment should it ever be recommended for your dog.
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